Industry 4.0 in the world, and technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT)
Industry 4.0 is changing the world, and technologies like the Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) are impacting key industries, and even jobs. It is similar to the replacement of manual jobs with machine-processed tasks happening as a revolution in the 21st Century. This implies that the industrial revolution 4.0 will not only affect to industries that will therefore change the way jobs and education are viewed. This will lead to the development of education in the 4.0 era.
So it can be said that the fourth industrial revolution will affect the role today’s students will be prepared for. This will require educational institutions to create a workforce to work in this age of technological transformation. Furthermore, it will also require the existing workforce to upgrade their skills and knowledge to match the new job roles. For this, a revolution in education is essential to enable people all over the world to exploit the opportunities created by the advent of these technologies.
This transformation of the education industry will make it more personalized, peer-to-peer and an ongoing process. For change, we must rethink educational models and focus on areas that need rethinking. In today’s new world of rapidly changing technology and information overload, students need to be trained, not taught. Information needs to be accessible and students need to learn how to find it instead of teachers providing them in a rigid structure.
We now understand that every student is not the same, does not have the same starting point, can learn and acquire different areas of focus and needs guidance to develop skills instead of teaching a set of predefined data points. Education 4.0 needs to be aligned with Industry 4.0 and prepare students for the next industrial revolution that will happen in their lifetime.
Education 4.0 will enable learning anywhere, anytime as e-learning tools and applications will provide opportunities for distance learning, self-study. The role of the classroom will change in that theoretical knowledge will be transmitted outside the classroom while practical or experiential knowledge will be transmitted directly.
Education 4.0 will also allow learning to be personalized to students according to their abilities. This means that above average students will be challenged with difficult tasks compared to below average students. This implies that there will be individual learning processes for each student. It will certainly have a positive impact as it will allow students to learn at their own pace. This will lead to a better understanding of the concepts and better overall results. It will also help teachers identify each student’s strengths and weaknesses and guide them accordingly.
read also: How education will change in the future
Selection of educational tools
Part of Education 4.0 will be the technology/device used by the students to get an education. Although each subject has its own set of knowledge and information that students can grasp, the path to achieving this knowledge can be different. This means that the students will be able to choose the tools and techniques through which they wish to acquire this knowledge. Techniques like blended learning, BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) and flipping classes are a few examples of this.
The freelance economy is on the rise and will continue to do so. This means that today’s students will need to adapt to a project-based learning and working style. They will need to hone their skills and learn how to apply and mold them to the situation. Therefore, students should be familiar with project-based learning during their secondary education. This part of Education 4.0 will teach them organizational skills, time management skills and collaboration skills, which they can use further in their academic and employment careers.
When integrating technology in specific areas facilitates more efficiency; Educational programs will now contain many skills that require human knowledge and personal interaction. This will lead to a greater emphasis on imparting specialized knowledge to students in existing courses. This means that schools will provide more opportunities for students to acquire real-world skills that are relevant to potential job opportunities. So the school’s curriculum will now include advanced subject knowledge that can help students with future internships, projects, and so on.
There was a time when analysts used to collect and organize data manually – this is now done through the use of computers. In addition, computers will also be used for all kinds of statistical analysis – describing and analyzing data and predicting future trends. Education 4.0 will train students to apply theoretical knowledge and use human reasoning to test patterns and predict trends.
Changing the exam and assessment model
The current student learning model is rote learning, in which students blindly memorize information given in the curriculum and write them down in their tests. With education 4.0, that will no longer be the trend. Here, it is essential to understand that a question and answer with one’s own understanding. This means that assessments, as part of Education 4.0, will not be based solely on current test samples. It will be done by analyzing their learning journey through hands-on and experiential-based projects or field works.
Schools and colleges are turning to smart classrooms where concepts are explained with the help of visual aids. Reading from a book only leads to extrapolation. To understand the basic concepts and learn them, one needs to see exactly how things work. It’s like, one can’t learn without proper exposure. Smart classes have made it easy for students to learn even the most difficult topics.
With the integration of technology in schools, it becomes easier for teachers to participate in the learning of the lesson. In universities, professors are teaching through the use of presentations because learning is not just in book ways.
edX & MOOC
edX is a digital platform that offers college-level online courses. edX was created by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 2012. Within edX, there are a number of free courses available from top universities like Stanford, Harvard, and MIT. Imagine sitting at home and studying courses offered by top universities. They offer courses in a number of disciplines such as programming, business, and science, among others.
MOOC is an extension of edX. MOOC stands for Massive Open Online Course. In this digital age, it is time for the education system to become digital as well. Before when people wanted to pursue distance learning courses, the only option was through respective courses. With the emergence of MOOCs, one can pursue online courses in a wide variety of fields. All research materials for MOOCs are provided through the internet.
Everyone must have heard of Khan Academy or BYJU, or Unacademy. All are E-learning (online learning) brands. What is e-learning? Simply put, online learning is learning through the use of electronic technologies – another aspect of Education 4.0. In a class of 40 students, each student’s learning pace is different. Some capture everything in one go, but some take time. It can become tedious for teachers to make every student understand a concept at the same speed. As a solution to this problem, e-education brands offer educational programs to impart knowledge outside the classroom. In these e-learning apps or platforms, there are lectures uploaded by teachers that explain every concept in detail. They also upload regular quizzes and quizzes to create better understanding for the students. Not only this, there are apps where one can study for top exams like UPSC or NDA. If you want to learn something and have the enthusiasm to gain knowledge, these apps are just a click away.
Online entrance exam
Another transformation that Education 4.0 is bringing is the tests and assessments implemented. The time has come when exams are held through online portals. Originally, entrance exams were held through the use of pen and paper.
Technology is making a huge difference in the education system. A positive difference! Learning has become so easy through technology and other electronic means. Today, we can track every student and every learner. One can learn from professors of top universities just by sitting at his home.
The impact of technology on the education industry will change not only how education is communicated, but also how students perceive education. Education 4.0, or the future of education as many call it, will change teaching-learning methods to make students future-ready. It is time to witness this change and inculcate it in our lives so that we can move towards a progressive, intellectual, knowledge-driven and future-ready world.
Knowledge is something everyone wants to achieve, through technology we can now learn anything anytime, anywhere. Every piece of information we want to get is on the internet. We just need to be curious enough to learn!