5 scientific methods to train logical thinking
In many cases, people consider human intelligence to be the ability to think a problem so that it becomes logical. And the key to optimizing personal development or effective organizational planning is “Logical Thinking”.
What is logical thinking?
Unlike animals, their actions are instinctive; Human actions are always conscious and thoughtful. In fact, in everyday life, all of our activities are through the thinking of the brain. Before embarking on any job, people have plans in mind. And in the process of that activity, people gradually discover a way to complete work more efficiently and quickly, which is the result of logical thinking.
According to Wikipedia: “Logic or logic, from the Classical Greek λόγος (logos), the original meaning of the word, or thing that was said, (but in many European languages became the connotation of inference). think or reason or reason).”
Logical thinking is a rational intellectual process in which people use concepts, judgments, inferences and other forms of thinking to reflect objective reality in the process of understanding things. The basic logical thinking methods include: abstraction and generalization, analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, comparison (find common ground, find difference), causality (forward inference: deductive reasoning). reason results, backward inference: reason reason inference, chain causality: reason Creates one effect, and effect is the cause to produce the next.)
And to be smarter, think right and have logic, the brain needs 3 things:
- Provided with a lot of information
- To be focused on a problem or an idea
- Practice deep thinking.
For example, Thomas Edison – who succeeded in inventing the filament light bulb after 10,000 failures, a great inventor because he has a logical mind trained for many years, has a lot of knowledge about physics, chemistry, mechanics etc… and he focused on solving the problem of creating a light source for people.
Just like other parts of the body, the brain needs daily exercise to stay healthy, sharp and alert.
The ability to think logically is an indispensable ability in our study, work and life. People with poor logical thinking skills often do not understand their ideas when they are studying or listening to others, and they cannot communicate their ideas clearly to others. When things happen, it’s also emotional, easy to be instigated and deceived by others, because thinking is only based on the surface, other people say whatever they say.
Practicing logical thinking helps us learn effectively, such as better understanding the content of a teacher or author; work effectively, such as clearly reporting, prioritizing leadership or clients, communicating ideas and persuading others; Effective living, such as quickly reading books, reading movies, etc. In short, training logical thinking will make it easier for us to become smarter, more confident and stand out from the crowd.
Methods to train logical thinking intelligence
Of course, the ability to think logically is not innate but is gradually cultivated in the learning process, it’s just that some people cultivate well (maybe also have innate talents), others do not cultivate it. good. Here are some popular methods that you can try to improve your logical thinking.
Every time you stand up for your point of view, you’re trying to argue a problem logically, in a cause-and-effect fashion. As long as you don’t go off topic, you will practice quick, creative and sharp thinking.
In formal conversations, lectures or writing, we may first express our views, conclusions or propositions briefly and clearly; Then state the arguments that support your conclusion; then use specific cases or facts and data to improve the persuasiveness of your conclusion or point; Finally, repeat the conclusion to make sure that the information you want to convey is correct. If you still have a request at this point, i.e. what you want the other party to do, you can also make a request at this point.
In daily communication and writing, we can also argue and express our views with others on appropriate occasions to improve our logic. Whether you are speaking to another person or listening to someone else speak, you can intentionally think about: What is the position expressed, what is the reason, and under what circumstances? This subtle exercise can continuously optimize your logical thinking.
Practice logical thinking skills through “writing”
Writing is a kind of self-reflection. Writing is an energy-intensive activity that requires constant thinking to stretch text into meaningful content that others can understand. When learning how to write , you not only think to arrange sentences, check spelling, but also layout, content and many other issues. Completing this whole process and writing an article is tantamount to practicing logical thinking.
As for what to write, this is very broad, such as writing a character portrait story, writing a learning experience, or experiencing life. After your writing ability has improved, you can find a random keyword, then use this keyword to build a logical structure and write an article.
Practice logical thinking by reading books
Reading helps improve knowledge and information about all aspects of your life. Choose to read specialized books that focus on the problem you are trying to solve, they will help your brain work more actively.
Each book has its own logical structure, and the table of contents is the basic logic for the author to write this book. So, after reading a book, you should take notes and mark down important information, systematize what you have learned from this book.
For example, when you are reading a book, when you read an important point or conclude, you might ask yourself: Why did the author come in from this angle? How did the author come to this conclusion? What are the downsides of this conclusion? How can I write better if I write it?
Note, don’t try to read very quickly to ensure “enough KPI”, you need to read effectively. Read to understand the problem there.
Train logical thinking by “watching movies”
Most people love to watch movies and most of us think that watching movies is just for entertainment. But actually, watching movies can also help you improve logical thinking significantly. When watching a movie, you can take some time after watching it to categorize the plot and main lines of the movie. Especially some suspense movies, sci-fi, crime movies or books are better, because they all test your ability to think logically.
After you’ve graded yourself, you can also go online to look up other people’s insights, compare, and see what you’re lacking. Do this regularly, your logical thinking and memory will be improved to a certain extent.
Improve logical thinking by “brain exercise”
The ability to think strong or not has a direct relationship with the brain, so it is also very helpful to exercise more for the brain. There are many ways to exercise the brain, the reading, thinking and writing that I mentioned above can all exercise the brain.
In addition, “memory training” is also a very good way to train the brain. For example, in your daily spare time, you can recite a poem, a short passage from a book, or master a set of mnemonic codes, memorize a deck of cards, etc. Memorize a deck of cards Playing here does not mean memorizing.
- Learning a foreign language : not only helps you easily communicate with foreigners, access to a broader treasure of knowledge, but learning a foreign language also helps you practice memory and concentration.
- Learn to play an instrument : instead of using apps or crossword puzzles, you should learn how to play an instrument, which will help you relax when stressed, persevere and feel when you practice. a musical scale.